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These cleave regulatory and structural molecules to execute the cell death programme (Ghobrial et al 2005). Extrinsic pathway The extrinsic Kratom Borneo Red Vein Browns Valley pathway or death receptor pathway triggers brand names for kratom apoptosis via various pro-apoptotic protein receptors located on the plasma membrane of the cells (Fulda and Debatin 2006) which mainly belong to the tumour necrosis factor (TNF) receptor superfamily (Zapata et al 2001). These proteins include death receptors the membrane bound Fas ligand (FasL) the Fas complexes and the Fas associated death domain (FADD) and also the initiator caspase 8 and 10 (Ghobrial et al 2005).
Jansen and Prast (1988) mentioned in their report that Burkill (1930) recorded other uses of kratom as a wound poultice cure for fever and as a suppressor of the opiate withdrawal syndrome. This plant has unique dual opioid properties which exert a stimulant effect at low doses and sedative and analgesic effects at the higher doses in Kratom Borneo Red Vein Browns Valley humans (Grewal 1932; Suwarnlet 1975). These effects have also been observed in animal models as reported by Macko et al (1972).
Many commercial kits tailored to detect several important caspases such as Caspase 3 7 8 and 9 are readily available and most of them can either be analysed via flow cytometry fluorescence or even absorbance measurement. The assessment of p53 levels and its target gene p21 which are highly associated with apoptotic cell death can also be investigated using many in vitro approach such as immunoblotting (Western blot) fluorescence image cytometry etc (Mckenzie et al 1999). The generation of ROS in mediating the cell death should also what kind of kratom is best for opiate withdrawal be a major concern in investigating the in vitro assessment of cell death as ROS is a major indicator for mitochondrial dysfunction which in turn could activate many forms of programmed cell death (Tan et al 1998) and a common method to measure kratom x50 dosage the ROS generation in live cells is using the 27-dichlorofluorescein dye (DCFH) (Esposti Kratom Borneo Red Vein Browns Valley 2002). Justification Objectives and Hypothesis 1. Justification The use of Mitragyna speciosa Korth or kratom leaves is now popular among traditional users and drug addicts in Southeast Asia mainly in Malaysia and Thailand.